Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz is Professor of Mathematical Economics at TU Wien, director at the Vienna Institute of Demography, Austrian Academy of Sciences and research associate at the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria. After her study of Technical Mathematics at TU Wien, she attended a postgraduate study at the University of Chicago in Economics and a postdoctorate at the Demography Department of the University of California, Berkley. In 1998 she received the Venia for “Population Economics and Applied Econometrics” at TU Wien. From 1998 to 2003 she was head of an independent research group on “Population, Economy and Environment” at the MPI for Demography, Rostock. Her main areas of research are in the economic consequences of population and individual ageing, long run economic growth and the interrelationship between population, economy and environment. She is full member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, member of Leopoldina (Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften) and member of Academia Europaea.